Category Archives: Tutorial

Experimental Flat-Foam Weapon Making Guide: by Renee & Derek Booke (Kindrianna & Hygar)

With the Voraniss forges up and running we’ve been able to produce some really neat LARPing weapons as of late. Sure they lack the beauty of latex that a portion of the Realms community desires, but they do look more realistic than our traditional rounded boffers. We’ve had a lot of inquiries about our process, and even requests for commissions, so we thought we’d bring the info directly to you do it yourselfer types in the hopes that maybe a compromise can be struck in our community as we continue to create and innovate.

For this project you will need the following: Blue camp foam, driveway makers, sandpaper, Dap contact cement, super glue, Gorilla Glue, duct tape, and strapping tape. For tools, you will need a sharp knife (an X-acto knife will suffice for this), a saw, measuring tape and some scissors. Pretty much all of these materials can be found at your local Walmart. The driveway markers are also available at Home Depot and Lowes if you’d prefer to shop there. Once you’ve got everything you need you’ll be ready to start!


Step One: Cutting the “Pipe”

For these weapons we’ve been using the fiberglass driveway markers for cores. They aren’t too expensive, and they are readily available at multiple locations as mentioned above. To begin your project you need to decide what length weapon you are going to create, and what type. This matters because you’re going to need to leave room for a thrusting tip; and how much room you need to leave varies on the type of weapon you’re creating. From our experience, if you’re making a hammer, axe, or mace you’ll want to cut your core pipe two inches shorter than your desired length. So if you’re making a 3’8”, your core will be cut at 3’6”. On the other hand, if you want to make a sword or a blade, you should cut the core four inches shorter than your desired length. In the example of a 3’8”, you’d be cutting your core at the 3’4” mark.

Use the saw to cut the core once you’ve decided what you’re making, and use your free hand to keep it steady. The last thing you want is to saw crooked or cut one of your fingers.

While you’re working with the driveway markers, you’ll also want to go ahead and cut two more pieces of fiberglass that are approximately a third of the size of your desired weapon length. In the case of your hypothetical 3’8”, this means you’d be cutting yourself two additional pieces of pipe at the length of 15”.  These are going to be used for the handle of your weapon!

Step Two: Gluing the Handle

After you have your three pieces of fiberglass cut you’re going to super glue them all together. Your longest piece, the core of your weapon, should obviously be in the middle; and the two shorter pieces should be on either side of it.

Wait for the super glue to dry, then take your Gorilla Glue and work on filling in any gaps on the handle with it. This will give your handle some extra security and prevent the pipes you cut from moving around or separating during combat.
Weapon Tutorial 1

Step Three: Cutting the Foam

Next you’ll want to start cutting the blue camp foam. In total you’ll need five pieces as you create a type of foam box for your core to hide away in. The top and bottom pieces of foam, or the “bread” of your core sandwich, will be your widest pieces at 2 ½ inches. They should be long enough to cover the weapon from the top of the handle all the way up to the end of the core, plus another 2-4 inches past that depending on what type of weapon you decided to make. For the purposes of this tutorial, we’ll assume you’re making a sword. That means these pieces should be about 29 inches long. Essentially, they are going to look like long, skinny rectangles.

The next two pieces of foam you’re going to cut are going to be smaller because they are going on the sides of the core and filling in the gaps between the top piece of foam and the bottom one. They are roughly going to come out to be 25” x 1.5” when you are done measuring. We’re just saving you a little bit of time by doing that step for you.

The last piece of foam we’re going to have you cut is the smallest, but no less important. This is going to be the foam that creates a safe thrusting tip for you, so make sure you don’t skip this step. This piece should be about 4” x 2.5”, and will sit at the top end of the weapon. You can use scissors for this, but we prefer to use the knife because it gives us a squarer cutting edge.

Weapon Tutorial 2

Step Four: Gluing the Foam

For this next part, we usually use a piece of scrap foam and dip it into the Dap contact cement. Using the scrap foam as an applicator, you’ll want to carefully rub the Dap all over your bottom piece of foam like you’re buttering a piece of bread. Make sure you have a light, even coating over every inch of the foam. After you do this, go ahead and place the core down in the center of the foam.

Do the sides next. Lather up three sides of these pieces with Dap using the buttering technique. The foam facing the core should get a coating, as well as the sides. The foam facing away from the core does not need anything at this time. The idea is that all foam to foam connections are receiving the Dap.

The smallest piece, the thrusting tip, comes next. Once again, cover each part of this piece that will be touching another piece of foam in Dap. Push down into place above the end of the core. At this point you should also be making sure that all your foam is fitting snugly together so that there are no gaps or wiggle room for your core to move or shift.

Before you glue down the last piece of foam, you’ll want to make a thin line of Gorilla Glue and run it down the length of the core that is getting covered. The purpose of this is extra security again. When it dries it will expand and make sure the core is tightly fastened in place. Safety and security should always be your top priority when crafting weapons for use in a boff heavy LARP!!

Finally you’re ready to DAP up your last piece of foam and place it on top of the core, sandwiching it down onto the rest. As it dries, you’ll want to be squeezing it and making sure everything is pressed tight together. Again, there should be no gaps or void areas in your foam. For a hands free experience we typically put a heavy object down upon our weapons while they dry. This is one of the more lengthy steps because you’ll want to wait for the glue to dry before you continue past this point. To be safe, give your weapons a 12 hour resting period to allow the glue ample drying time.
Weapon Tutorial 3

Step Five: Shaving the Foam

With your weapon dry, you’re ready to begin the fun stuff! This is the part where your weapon starts to take shape. Using your knife, cut off the excess foam and trim it down into an actual sword shape.

A word of caution: take care not to make it too pointy, and be doubly sure not to cut too close to the pipe!

The goal with these weapons is to artistically shape the foam and carve the padding into the shape you want. This is how you get the more realistic sword shape, but still out of safe padded foam.

Step Six: The Sanding

Once you have the shape of your blade carved into the foam you’ll need to smooth out the edges. This is where the sandpaper comes into play. A lot of people like to tell us that this step isn’t necessary, but we disagree. You’ll want to LIGHTLY sand and smooth the edges of your weapon if you’re placing duct tape onto it. If you don’t, every single flaw in your foam carving will be seen or detected under the tape. The foam bumps may even cause bumps in your duct tape if you’re not careful.

Step Seven: Optional Crossguard

If you want to really go for the more realistic looking weapon, this would be the time to add the crossguard. Again, you’d be using the blue camp foam to do this. Carve out a design you like, and then Dap both sides and sandwich it around the core.

Unfortunately, if you do this, you’re going to need to wait the recommended 12 hours for this part to dry as well. Do not rush the process! If you do, you risk the pieces moving around on you and not properly setting.

Once it does dry, you’re going to repeat the light sanding steps that you just did for the rest of the weapon, smoothing out the edges of the crossguard you designed.

Weapon Tutorial 4

Step Eight: Reinforcing the Thrusting Tip

Before you start to cover up the foam, we’re going to take one more step to secure everything into place and make sure your weapon is safe. Take some strapping tape and encircle the blade with it in the area where the foam of your thrusting tip meets the rest of the foam.

We do this, because this is the weakest point on a thrusting weapon, and you want to make sure that it remains stable for your weapon to be safe. Every little bit helps.


Step Nine: Adding Your Duct Tape/Covering

On this step you get to make more aesthetic choices. Want to use wood grain duct tape on the shaft of your axe? Go for it. Metallic silver blade? Do it up. The possibilities are near endless; and you don’t have to just use duct tape either. There are tons of fabrics out there that could make for really interesting/thematic weapon socks.

If you are working with duct tape, take your time. If you rush your tape can bubble and make your beautiful sword shape look like it has a sloppy tape job. From personally experience, I like to run my thumb along the center of the tape and slowly side my pointer finger outwards towards the edges like I’m getting rid of the air bubbles underneath.

Step Ten: Wrapping the Handle

This is another aesthetic step, so you can use whatever materials you like. People have used a variety of things over the years from electrical tape, grip tape, to rawhide. We prefer the natural look of the rawhide, so that is what we usually go with. The choice is yours! If you are going to use rawhide, use some duct tape on your handle to make a sticky surface for it to adhere to; then wrap it tightly.

Weapon Tutorial 5

Step Eleven: Profit

That’s it! You’re ready to go and wield your weapon proudly! Just don’t forget that in Realms these are still experimental construction techniques as far as the rules are concerned. You’ll need to be responsible and check your weapons in with a marshall at the top of the event before you can use them in combat.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact Hygar or Kindrianna (Derek & Renee Booke) and we would be happy to run through the process with you.

Take care, and happy LARPing!


Tips and Tricks On: How to Avoid Stagnation & Boredom in LARP

As a LARPer, I hear all the time that people are getting bored with their respective games. They are looking for new ways to spice up their experience after being a part of the same community for 20+ years, or looking for new ways to reaffirm bonds of friendship with their countrymen. The good news is that this is a fairly common phenomenon. The bad news is that it will take a little work on your part to get through it. We can’t always have a passive role in our own futures and leave everything up to the event holders that have enough on their plates. Below are some tips and ideas you can feel free to use to help you on your journey:

1.)    Consider what groups or orders might be appropriate for your character to pursue. Expand your horizons outside of your nation. Does your character worship a deity? Is there a religious order or a knighthood that might be appropriate for you? Do the research and make the connections within the community. Communicate what you’re looking for and people may be able and willing to point you in a direction. Most games have a wide variety of different organizations for you to belong to if you’re willing to put in the effort. If you can’t find one that you feel is appropriate, consider starting your own!

2.)    Open yourself up to learning a new skill or craft. There is always room for improvement in everything we do. Maybe you’ve always wanted to try leatherworking. Maybe you want to get better at foamsmithing or even throwing events of your own. Why not take the time to give it a go? Find someone in the community that can give you some starting tips and advice and work on building that weapon/piece of garb/monster/dungeon you’ve always wanted to. Just like learning how to fight, these are all valuable skills that are only going to get better with practice.

3.)    Assess your weaknesses and strengths, and push yourself to go beyond. If you’re an excellent Role-player that wants to fight better, start attending some practices or find a mentor that you trust to push you outside of your comfort zone so that you might be able to have the confidence to enter some tournaments. If you’re an amazing fighter but you’re too shy to engage in much RP the same applies. Find someone you like or trust to bring you in and get you involved. LARPing communities tend to be very friendly and most people will be all too happy to get you involved in the various aspects of the game that they are passionate about.

4.)    Plan active bonding activities with your nation and friends. If you have permission from the leadership of your nation you might want to try getting everyone together at an event for story time by the fire, a group ritual, group training or fight practice etc. Whatever you feel is an appropriate and enjoyable activity for your respective group of friends. Relationships take work, and if you want to keep people invested in the success of the group then you’ll have to be equally invested in those bonds of friendship. This is also relevant on an OOC level. Make plans to do things together outside of events. Maybe hit up a Renaissance Faire or go to the movies, have a craft night or a party at somebody’s house. All of these are valid ways to just enjoy each other’s company.

5.)    Consider setting goals for yourself. This can be very motivating for people who are driven and independent. Make yourself a LARP “bucket list” as it were, and think about all the things you really want to do that you haven’t yet accomplished. From there, break down your goals into achievable and measurable steps. As an example, say my goal was to become a well-respected shield fighter in a specific game. I might take it a step further and start by saying I’ll hit a certain number of practices a month, that I’ll participate in a certain number of tournaments and so on and so forth. I can expand on my goals as I achieve them, while keeping them reasonable. Don’t keep your goals so far out there that you get discouraged before you really have a chance to explore them.

Obviously this is a very limited list of what you can do to make your LARPing experience more enjoyable, but it is a good starting point on how to deal with a common complaint. Maybe it will even inspire you to come up with suggestions/ideas of your own. Either way, I wish you the best of luck! Remember, it’s okay to ask questions and it’s okay to fail! Learn from everything you do, and you’ll be far less likely to suffer from regret and stagnation.

Don’t Kid Around With Kidding: By Amara Shael

As we enter the time of the Ram, also known as the month of March, Gaia begins to wake up from her long slumber and life starts to return to the Realms as a whole. For some, this means more feasts, questing, and adventuring now that the snows have started to melt and trails across the land become easier to travel. For others it is birthing season, which makes for a busy time around a farm as the newest animals are being born. It’s a lot of work getting ready and then caring for newborns after all. So, in the spirit of spring, I have decided to write this to help those that are raising goats for the first time and going through process of “kidding.” Hopefully it will make it easier for others, or just to let them learn a little more about the process.

One of the most important things you can do is have an idea of when the nanny (female goat) will be giving birth. You will want to be there to help with the process, and to be fully prepared in case of difficulty.  Thankfully there are several signs one can look out for to see that the time is coming closer for your nanny to give birth. One of the best hints is the state of the nanny udders, as within 24 hours of the birth her udder will fill with milk for the coming kids. This gives you enough time to get things in order and watch for behavior changes like separating herself from the herd and nesting; both signs that she will soon be entering labor. This is an also an excellent time to change into some clothing that you don’t care about getting bloody, because from here on out things will get messy. Ultimately it may be a little bit of a waiting game. Every goat is different.

The waiting will be at its end when a bubble or thick slime begins to come out of the uterus. This is a sign that the kid is being pushed out. At this point look for a hoof coming out, and the direction the sole is pointed. If the sole is up the kid will be coming rear first. If the hoof is pointed down, it means that their head is coming out first. You can softly grab the hoof and pull while the nanny pushes to help. When the other hoof is out you can alternate pulling on the legs with her pushes until you can see the neck.

At this point we come to the hardest part for the nanny, getting the kid’s head out. At the same time as the nanny pushes, pull harder with both legs until the head is free. The nanny may choose to rest a bit after this, but thankfully the rest of the kid should come out easily at this point with a few more pushes. Once the kid is out check to make sure the nose and mouth are clear of the fluid. Then hold the kid up by the rear leg’s ankles so that any extra fluids in the mouth and lungs drain out. Make sure you have a good hold as they will be slippery!

After that, put the kid down next to the mother so that she can help you clean the baby and bond with them as she gets ready for round two. You can use this time to clean up some of the mess from her giving birth. This process will be repeated until all the kids are born, though thankfully after the first kid the nanny should be more stretched out so it should be easier for her. The kids should be moved to a cleaner part of the stall once you’re able. The nanny will also move to a new area when she’s ready.

The final thing that needs to be taken care of is to make sure that the kids get their first meal. Get a feed bag and feed the new mother. She just did a lot of work and should get a reward for it. While doing this, make sure that her teats are not plugged. If no milk is coming out, squeeze them until the plug comes out. Then guide the kids to her teats for their first meal while encouraging them to stand.

All that’s left now is to finish cleaning. Make sure all the afterbirth is taken care of, as well as the nanny’s hind quarters. You’ll also want to make sure the kids are completely dry. With your work done, you can now leave your goats to bond with each other and maybe even take a short nap.

Project Tutorial: Leather Pouch

So you’ve decided that you want to try your hand at leatherworking, eh? Glad to hear it! Part of what Voraniss is all about is crafting, and teaching other people how to make neat stuff; so we’ve compiled a little tutorial for you about how to make a pouch.

The first thing people struggle with when starting a new craft is usually figuring out what tools they need to get the job done. With leatherworking in particular, you can easily pay hundreds of dollars up front on stuff you might not even need for certain projects. Our suggestion? Buy your supplies on an as needed basis. It will likely save you money if you’re on a budget as so many of us are.

For this project, we used 3-4 ounce leather. Any thicker and you might struggle to mold it properly. We also needed shears to cut the leather (you can use heavy duty scissors if those are more accessible to you), a leather hole punch, a metal ruler, a leather needle, some waxed synthetic sinew, a bottle of Light Brown Eco-Flow leather dye (it’s less toxic and better for your skin), sand paper, a hammer, rivets, a paint brush, an exacto knife, and a sharpie.

Pouch Tutorial Tools
Most of the supplies/tools we used for the pouch.

First things first, you need to cut out the pieces of leather that your pouch will be made from. We construct ours from three separate pieces: the body (front and back) and then the sides. Using the sharpie and ruler, you should measure out and trace how long/wide you want your pouch dimensions to be. Whatever you do, do not use pen on your leather! Dye will not be able to cover up the markings and any lines that you make will be visible after the fact. Sharpie is a much safer way to go. Our pouch ended up being about 6 ½ inches wide on the body for reference, and our sides were two inches wide, and about 5 ½ inches tall. Ultimately, you’re working towards three rectangular shapes. We wanted ours to have a little bit of a rough and tumble feel, so we didn’t make them perfect rectangles. That choice is entirely up to you- the artist!

Once you’ve got your shapes all drawn out on the leather, you’re going to cut them out with the shears. Hygar prefers to rely on the tip of the shears for most of his cutting, though he’ll be the first to admit there isn’t any technical reason for this. It just feels more comfortable to him. Find out what works for you. A lot of crafting is trial and error as you learn what you like and what you don’t. Once you’ve got your three pieces all cut out, go ahead and sand paper the edges. This helps get rid of a lot of the little tiny hair-like pieces of leather shavings that might be sticking out, and helps give your project a more finished and professional look. Additionally, if you’re concerned that your leather isn’t top quality, you might want to sand any surface that you’re going to be applying dye or paint to in order to help it adhere better.

The next step is punching holes. On our handheld hole puncher, we use the smallest setting possible. Go slowly and make sure that you aren’t punching through the edge of the leather by mistake. Feel free to practice a few times on any scrap leather before you punch for real. You’ll want to evenly space out the holes to the best of your ability too. On the largest piece of leather, your body, the holes are only going to go on the long sides. Starting at the bottom and working your way up, stop punching holes about three quarters of the way. On your sides, however, you’ll want to punch holes for the entirety of the length as well as across the bottom. Ultimately your goal here is to punch holes along the body equal in length to the combined length of one of your sides. Think of it like this, if you have a side pieces that is the same as ours (2 Inches wide and 5 ½ inches tall), you would need to punch roughly 13 inches of holes on each side of the body. This makes it so that you have an equal number of holes around the side piece and on the body so when you go to assemble all your pieces they fit together nicely.

Pouch Tutorial Hole Punching
Hole punched leather!

Our next step was adding belt loops to the pouch. You don’t have to do the same ones that we did, but these are the ones that we’ll teach you to make.  It’s pretty easy too! All you have to do is cut out two more rectangles from your leather. Ours were about 6 inches by 1 inch. We then folded them over and punched two rivet holes through the bottom of both pieces and marked corresponding holes on the body. Once everything was lined up, we hammered quick set rivets into place and attached the loops to the back of the body. Don’t forget to sandpaper your loop edges during this process too! Paying special attention to all the individual pieces of your project will really make it pop.

For the next step of the process, get ready to play with water! You can use a plastic container or just your sink if nobody in your household needs it for anything. Fill the container or sink up with water and then submerge all the pieces of your leather. They don’t need to sit in there for long, just until the small streams of bubbles stop coming out of them. Once that happens, it indicates that your leather has moistened all the way through. Wet leather is easy to mold into shape, and it takes tooling well if you want to add any to your project. It also makes the stitches much tighter when you’re pulling them together.

After you’ve got your leather wet and kept an eye on the bubbles, you can remove it from the water and immediately start work on the next step. Fold your body piece in half and try to line up the sides where you intend for them to sit because you’re going to start stitching. Thread your needle with sinew (we always aim for about double the length of what we’re stitching as an estimate of how much material we’ll need), and push the needle through the top hole on the inside of your side and body piece (the holes closest to the top of the flap). Bring your needle back to the front and push it through the next hole in sequential order. Repeat this process and keep pulling the sinew tight as you go. When you get to a corner, you keep going. Pulling the sinew is going to start pulling the pouch into shape automatically.

Work your way down the left part of the side like you’re writing the letter U in reverse. When you get to the top holes on the right side, you make your final stitch and then you tie off your sinew. Repeat the same process on the other side of the pouch.


Frontal View of Pouch After Stitching
Frontal view of pouch after stitching.



Side View of Pouch After Stitching
Side view of pouch after stitching.













If you’ve made it this far, congratulations! You’re almost done! You’re ready to move onto the dyeing portion of your project once your leather is dry. We used a paintbrush to apply the dye for this project, but we also highly suggest wool swabs. Dip your brush or swab into the dye and try to put an even coat over every leather surface. You might be tempted to go over the same area twice at first, but be warned that if you do this- your color will get darker. Make sure that is actually what you want before you proceed. Depending on what kind of dye you use it can take a few hours for things to fully dry. Make sure you’re not doing this step at the last minute unless you’re fine with dye potentially staining your skin.

Time for the grand finale! You’ve got this nice looking pouch, and now you need a way to close it. Many places sell elaborate closures you can fasten onto the front of your new pouch. We decided to try something a little different, and made what can only be described as a “belt.” We took a strap of garment grade leather and attached a buckle to it, then pulled it closed around the outside of the pouch. Do what you want with this part. It’s a fun way to customize your piece.

Pouch Closure
How we closed the pouch.

Hopefully you found this helpful and informative. Remember that the people that work in your leather supply stores can also be really great resources if you find yourself with a lot of questions. Good luck out there, and happy crafting!